II, Italian: Giovanni Paolo II, Polish: Jan Pawe II, French: Jean Paul II, German: Johannes Paul II born Karol Józef Wojty ) served as Supreme Pontiff of the Catholic Church and Sovereign of Vatican City from until his death over 26 years later.
Pope John Paul II was one of the most-traveled world texas pecans and gifts leaders in history, visiting 129 countries during his pontificate.
As part of his special emphasis on the universal call to holiness, he beatified 1,340 people and canonized 483 Saints, more than the combined tally of his predecessors best gifts for one year old baby girl during the last five centuries.
It is widely held that he was instrumental in ending communism in his native Poland and eventually all of Europe as well as significantly improving the Catholic Church's relations with Judaism, the Eastern Orthodox Church, and the Anglican Communion.His was the second-longest documented pontificate; only Pope Pius IX served longer (St Peter the Apostle is reputed to have served for more than thirty years as the first pontiff; however documentation is too sparse to definitively support this).He was fluent in many languages: Italian, French, German, English, Spanish, Portuguese, Ukrainian, Russian, Croatian, Esperanto, Ancient Greek and Latin as well as his native Polish.John Paul II has been acclaimed as one of the most influential leaders of the twentieth century.On 19 December 2009, John Paul II was proclaimed "Venerable" by Pope Benedict XVI.Following the resignation of, pope Benedict XVI, on the papal conclave elected Bergoglio, who chose the papal name, francis in honour.
Pope Francis latin : Franciscus frantiskus, Italian : Francesco frantesko ; born, jorge Mario Bergoglio b on 17 December 1936) is the 266th and current, pope of the, catholic Church, elected on As such,.From 1973 to 1979 he was Argentina's.Saint Francis of Assisi.He has been the only Polish Pope to date, and was the first non-Italian Pope since Dutch Pope Adrian VI in the 1520s.Bishop of Rome, the head of the worldwide Catholic Church and sovereign of the, vatican City State.Throughout his life, both as an individual and a religious leader, he has been known for his humility, his concern for the poor, and his commitment to dialogue as a way to build bridges between people of all backgrounds, beliefs, and faiths.Provincial superior of the, society of Jesus, became, archbishop of Buenos Aires in 1998, and was created cardinal in 2001.Bergoglio is the first Jesuit pope; the first pope from the Americas, and the first pope from the Southern Hemisphere.Since his election to the papacy, he has displayed a simpler and less formal approach to the office, including a decision to reside in the Vatican guesthouse rather than the papal residence used by his predecessors since 1903.